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In 1970, cancer was the second leading cause of death in the U.S. and the American people sought answers. In response, at the 1971 State of the Union address Richard Nixon asserted that he would, “Ask for an appropriation of an extra $100 million to launch an intensive campaign to find a cure for cancer, and I will ask later for whatever additional funds can effectively be used. The time has come in America when the same kind of concentrated effort that split the atom and took man to the moon should be turned toward conquering this dread disease. Let us make a total national commitment to achieve this goal” (DeVita). Almost a full year later, in December 1971, Nixon signed the National Cancer Act, which was popularized as “The War on Cancer.” This act allotted $1.5 billion dollars for cancer research over the next three years.